Chen’s Research

My Research Streams

In the main stream of my research, I investigate time-based work designs, integrating considerations of time, energy, and well-being issues at work. For example, I examine how individuals may organize their various work and non-work activities over time during the day, or how they allocate time toward different types of tasks and work activities, as well as the implications of these arrangements for their energy, well-being, and performance in everyday work.

In a second stream of research, I examine individuals’ proactive behaviors in work settings (e.g., leading informally, learning new things, contributing opinions), investigating how people exercise agency to go beyond formal requirements at work and the challenges they face in doing so.

Overall, with a focus on temporal considerations and human agency, my research aims to shed light on ways in which we can achieve both work effectiveness and human sustainability in organizations.


Current Research

In my ongoing research, I explore a variety of issues related to time-based work and workday designs, including using mixed methods to explore the temporal arrangement of everyday work activities. For example, in a working paper, I examine how the arrangement of difficult versus easy tasks over time during the day may influence individuals’ energy, well-being, and performance outcomes, using a combination of field experiments, experience sampling methodology, and electroencephalogram (EEG) assessments . In another working paper, I use large-scale behavioral data recorded by a project management software to investigate the temporal pacing of team projects, especially how the pacing patterns of projects are shaped by individuals’ multiple memberships on different projects.